Taxes and Social Security Numbers
Applying for a Social Security Card
Student who are in status and authorized to work are eligible for a Social Security number. If you are not eligible for a Social Security number, you can request a “letter of ineligibility” from the Social Security Office. You need to present your original I-20/DS-2019, passport, and I-94 card. The letter of ineligibility may be required in order to obtain a driver's license.
To apply for a Social Security number, bring the following original documents to your local Social Security office :
- Form I‐20 or DS‐2019
- I‐94 Arrival/Departure Record (card or electronic printout www.cbp.gov/i94)
- Unexpired Passport
You will also need one or more of the following depending on the type of employment:
- F‐1 On‐campus Employment: On campus employment form, printed on letterhead by the hiring department and signed by the hiring department and your international student advisor. You can apply up to 30 days before your on-campus start date.
- F‐1 Curricular Practical Training: I‐20 with CPT authorization on Page 3. You can apply up to 30 days before your CPT start date.
- F‐1 Optional Practical Training: Employment Authorization Document (EAD). You can apply once you reach the start date on your EAD card.
- J‐1 On‐campus Employment or Academic Training: Letter authorizing employment from your J‐1 program sponsor on the sponsor’s letterhead with an original signature. You can apply to to 30 days prior to your start date.
All applicants will also need to fill out the application (Form SS-5: http://www.socialsecurity.gov/forms/ss-5.pdf). We recommend typing the application before printing it out and signing it.
Once you have applied, it typically takes the Social Security Administration 7‐10 business days to verify your information. They will then mail the Social Security card to you. Students will be given a receipt of application that may be used to begin work while the application is pending. Upon receipt, the original social security card must be presented to the employer.
Washington D.C. Social Security Office Location
2100 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20037
Hours: Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday: 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM
Wednesday 9:00 AM - 12:00 PM
If you are no longer in the DC area, you will be able to find your local Social Security Administration office here.
Tax Information for F-1 and J-1 Students
All students and dependents in F or J status must file at least one tax form with the the U.S. Internal Revenue Service, even if you did not earn any money in the United States. This tax form is Form 8843. (The form is titled "Statement for Exempt Individuals and Individuals With a Medical Condition." This title is confusing, but students and dependents who qualify as nonresident aliens for tax purposes are considered exempt individuals.) Form 8843 is an informational form, not an income tax return.
Filling out Form 8843
Tips for Completing the Form:
- Address in country of residence = foreign home country residence
taxpayer ID number: write your Social Security number (SSN) or
Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) if you have one. Leave
blank if you do not have an SSN or ITIN.
- Part I: Complete this section
- Part II: Leave blank
- Part III: Complete this section. Director of Academic Programs: Rachel Rubin, OGS, Georgetown University, 37th and O Sts, NW, Washington, DC 20007
- Part IV and Part V: Leave blank
- Sign and date on page 2 ONLY if not filing with Form 1040 NR or Form 1040 NR-EZ
- Make a copy of the completed form for your records.
- If you had U.S. sourced income AND are required to file an income tax return, submit the form with your tax return.
- If you had no U.S. sourced income and are not required to file an income tax return, submit the form no later than June 15th, 2015 to
I earned no money in the U.S. What do I need to do?
If you did not receive U.S. sourced income you only need to file Form 8843.
I received U.S. Sourced Income--Now What?
Determine if you are a resident or a nonresident alien for tax purposes (Take the Tax Questionnaire on the Office of Global Service's website, available February 2015). Additional information about filing U.S. income taxes will be available in February 2015