Tens of thousands of attorneys work in government entities from federal agencies to state attorney general's offices to city attorney's offices and municipal courts, and many more. Government employment offers significant responsibility early in one's career, intellectually challenging work, and an opportunity to serve the public good. Attorneys work in all three branches of government and in numerous capacities, including litigating civil and criminal cases, counseling lawmakers, drafting statutes and regulations, enforcing regulatory compliance, issuing administrative legal opinions and much more. In addition to working in all three branches (executive, legislative, and judicial), government attorneys also are employed by independent agencies such as the National Labor Relations Board and the Federal Communications Commission.
State Attorney General's Offices represent the state in litigation, which includes civil litigation (both defensive and affirmative) and appellate work; State AG's Offices also provide legal advice to state officials and agencies. Many state agencies have in-house counsel with expertise in the law relevant to that agency's particular area of responsibility, such as public health or transportation, as well as in legal issues generic to running a state agency, such as employment and contracts. Additionally, state legislatures employ lawyers in positions comparable to those on Capitol Hill; lawyers work as legislative assistants and counsel to members, and as staff to state senate and house committees.
Cities, municipalities, counties, school districts, and boards of education all employ lawyers. Large urban centers often have city attorney, solicitor, or corporation counsel's offices, which provide legal counsel to city officials and represent the city in litigation (like the Attorney General's Office on the state level, or the DOJ on the federal level). Many large cities also have in-house counsel for individual city agencies, such as the local Civil Rights Commission or the city child welfare agency. Smaller municipalities may also employ city attorneys to provide representation in litigation and legal advice on day-to-day issues such as personnel and zoning questions, as well as drafting and negotiating legislation, public contracts, and real estate agreements.
Government hiring is largely decentralized, on no set timeline, and networking often plays a critical role in landing a permanent job. To support Georgetown Law students in networking and job searching, the Office of Public Interest and Community Service hosts several government recruiting and networking programs.
Georgetown-sponsored Recruiting Programs
- Government Interview Program
- Spotlight on Government Networking Fair
- Public Sector Recruiting Program
- PSJD (formerly PSLawNet) Federal Legal Employment Opportunities Guide
- PSJD (formerly PSLawNet) State and Local Government Page
- 2012 - 2013 University of AZ Government Honors & Internship Handbook (password protected)
- USAJobs (federal employment database)
- USA.gov List of Federal Agencies
- Working on Capitol Hill (Yale Law School guide)
- Harvard Law Office of Public Interest Advising Career and Specialty Guides
- Presentation on Navigating USAJobs and Government Applications Georgetown Fall 2012 webcast (and powerpoint)
- Office of Personnel Management Webinar on a successful Federal Job Search
- Week One panel on Government Careers Georgetown Spring 2012 webcast
- Leadership Library (detailed directory information on individuals as well as government agencies, law firms, judicial entities, non-profits, news media and more in a searchable database)