Entries Tagged as Digital Preservation
December 10, 2012 · Andrew J. Christensen
In celebration of 125 years, the Georgetown Law Library looks to the future with a symposium of the academic, advocacy, government, and library communities on Wednesday, January 30 at Georgetown Law.
“Big data” is a term perhaps too narrow for the topic: The size of data sets is not the key to big data issues. Rather, it’s the changes in society that are growing along with our ability to discover meaning by connecting points of information electronically, across numerous, vast, and often unrelated stores of data.
This conference will examine the public good and collective harms associated with the large-scale aggregation of information from public and private sources. During the course of the day, panelists will also discuss how scholars, researchers, and information professionals use very large or complex data sets to distill meaning and develop public policy.
Registration is free and open to all. A complimentary lunch will be provided for registered attendees, however space is limited. Register now to reserve your place and view additional information at www.law.georgetown.edu/library/about/125/symposium.
125th Anniversary · Big Data · Digital Preservation · Library Events · Library News · News for Alumni · News for Faculty · News for Students · Privacy Law
November 02, 2012 · Jason Zarin
A new "Big Data" resource of tax material has recently been made available. On October 30, Public.Resource.Org made available 10 years' worth -- nearly 6.5 million -- Exempt Organization Form 990 returns filed by exempt organizations and private foundations as well as unrelated business income (UBIT) returns filed by these organizations. The data set contains returns from January 2002 through September 2012, and will be updated monthly.
At this time, these returns are only available in pdf format, but Public.Resource.Org plan to extract the underlying data from these returns to make them more amenable for data analysis.
These records and more information about the data set are available at https://bulk.resource.org/irs.gov/eo/readme.html.
Current Awareness · Database News · Digital Preservation · Government Information · News for Faculty · Research · Tax Law · Technology News
January 12, 2012 · Sarah Rhodes
The Georgetown Law Library has launched a new data archiving service, the Georgetown Law Dataverse, to support the empirical research of Law Center faculty members, academic centers and institutes, and legal journals.
"Georgetown Law faculty are increasingly publishing scholarship with empirical data components," said Law Library Director and Professor of Law Michelle Wu. "This trend is reflected in the broader legal academy as well. As a result, free, open and reliable access to source data has become critical to the development of legal scholarship. With an eye towards facilitating such scholarship, the Georgetown Law Library is offering this innovative service to support the preservation and sharing of digital datasets."
The Georgetown Law Dataverse is a repository of digital datasets, collections of statistical information or other related data used in empirical scholarship. This service will allow authors to permanently preserve and publically release data that they have collected. Authors who continue to update their work after publication can upload revised data as it becomes available.
More information about the Dataverse is available here: http://www.ll.georgetown.edu/collections/dataverse.cfm.
Digital Preservation · Library News · News for Faculty · Research · Technology News
April 25, 2011 · Sara Sampson
‘LINK ROT’ AND LEGAL RESOURCES ON THE WEB: HAVE WE REACHED A PLATEAU?
THE CHESAPEAKE GROUP’S FOURTH ANNUAL ANALYSIS FINDS THAT LINK ROT IS SLOWING,
BUT STILL PRESENT IN MORE THAN 30% OF URLs
Does the rate at which Web pages are lost to “link rot” slow down over time? The latest link-rot study conducted by the Chesapeake Digital Preservation Group shows that this might be the case.
As National Preservation Week 2011 begins, the Chesapeake Digital Preservation Group is releasing the results of its fourth annual analysis of link rot among the original URLs for law- and policy-related materials published to the Web and archived by the Chesapeake Group. After three years of observing the rate of link rot nearly double on an annual basis, the Chesapeake Group found that link rot in its sample of URLs originally collected in 2007 and 2008 increased by only 2.5 percent in 2011. The sample includes URLs primarily from state government (.state.__.us), government (.gov), and organization (.org) top-level domains.
The Chesapeake Group is a shared digital archive for the preservation of Web-published legal materials, which often disappear as online content is reorganized or deleted over time. Participants include the Georgetown and Harvard Law Libraries and the State Law Libraries of Maryland and Virginia.
The 2011 analysis reveals that 30.4 percent of the online publications in the sample have now disappeared from their original Web pages but, due to the group’s Web preservation efforts, remain accessible via permanent archive URLs. This sample of online publications was first analyzed in 2008 and showed link rot to be present in 8.3 percent of the publications’ original URLs. In 2009, the same sample showed an increase in link rot to 14.3 percent, and in 2010, link rot in the sample jumped to 27.9 percent.
Although the 2011 link-rot rate of 30.4 percent represents a significant loss of content over the four-year period, the increase observed from 2010 to 2011 is less than three percent and deviates from the pattern of steep increases in link rot observed in previous years.
The analysis also explores the prevalence of link rot among top-level domains. A detailed summary of the study is available at http://legalinfoarchive.org/
The Chesapeake Group is a member of LIPA’s Legal Information Archive, a collaborative digital preservation program for the law library community. For more information, visit the LIPA Web site at www.aallnet.org/committee/lipa
or the Chesapeake Group at www.legalinfoarchive.org
Written by Sarah Rhodes
Digital Preservation · News for Faculty · News for Students
March 28, 2011 · Andrew J. Christensen
Now available to the Georgetown Law community, Paratext’s Public Documents Masterfile
is an ever-growing trove of info on over two centuries of U.S., international, and foreign government publications.
Search by keyword, title, agency, date, etc. to retrieve records for documents previously indexed in official federal and state catalogs, congressional compilations, presidential papers, Canadian provincial publications, and over a dozen other collections.
Many records link through to documents on the open web at Google Books, Library of Congress, and other digital repositories, or let you view print and microform library holdings via WorldCat. Internal subject headings with hyperlinks also allow for easy navigation between topical categories.
The new offering is a complement to the 19th Century Masterfile
of pre-1930 literature and periodicals, online at Georgetown since 2006 and also well worth exploring.
Database News · Digital Preservation · Government Information · Research
November 11, 2010 · Andrew J. Christensen
This Veterans Day, we might reflect upon the progress made possible through the sacrifice of military servicemembers, and the tragedy, triumph, and trials of war. In legal history, the tribunals for war crimes following World War II have had a profound impact on our domestic and international jurisprudence and scholarship, and there are a growing number of online resources to help us research these important materials.
Transcripts and associated documents of the Nuremberg Trials (officially the International Military Tribunal for Germany) have been digitized, organized, and made available for free on the Web through several ongoing initiatives, including Yale’s Avalon Project
, the Nuremberg Trials Project
at Harvard Law, and the Donovan Nuremberg Trials Collection
at the Cornell Law Library. The National Archives has also converted many of their microform documents on WWII crimes and trials
Although no comparably extensive online compilation yet exists for the Tokyo Trials (International Military Tribunal for The Far East), some of the most important and interesting documents are available on iBiblio.org through the HyperWar Foundation (the Tribunal’s judgment
) and the Harry S. Truman Library website (official correspondence
). For now, full transcripts of the Tokyo Trials are only available in print, here at Georgetown in the Wolff Library
The Law Library also offers a good selection of relevant print and electronic resources; try an Encore keyword search to see our cataloged holdings on the Nuremberg
and Tokyo Trials
Digital Preservation · Government Information · International · Legal History · Research
May 05, 2010 · Sara Sampson
The Chesapeake Project Legal Information Archive has released the results of its third annual analysis of “link rot” among the original URLs for law- and policy-related materials published to the Web and archived though the Chesapeake Project.
The 2010 analysis reveals that nearly 28 percent of the online publications archived between March 2007 and March 2008 have now disappeared from their original locations on the Web but, due to the project’s preservation efforts, remain accessible via permanent archive URLs. This sample of online publications was first analyzed in 2008 and showed link rot to be present in 8.3 percent of the publications’ original URLs. One year later, in 2009, the same sample showed an increase in link rot to 14.3 percent.
During the three years that the URLs were studied, link rot increased from about one in every 12 archived titles in 2008, to one in every seven titles in 2009, and finally to about one in every 3.5 titles in 2010. These findings demonstrate a dramatic increase in link rot among archived Web content over time.
The analysis also explores the prevalence of link rot among top-level domains, showing content at state-government URLs (.state.__.us) to be at a significant risk for link rot, compared to resources posted to government (.gov) and organization (.org) Web sites.
A detailed summary of the study is available at http://legalinfoarchive.org/.
The Chesapeake Project was launched in 2007 by the Georgetown University Law Library and the State Law Libraries of Maryland and Virginia as a collaborative digital archive for the preservation of important Web-published legal materials, which often disappear as online content is reorganized or deleted over time.
Having successfully completed its two-year pilot phase in 2009, the Chesapeake Project Legal Information Archive is expanding. A new law library has recently joined the Chesapeake Project, and the Legal Information Preservation Alliance (LIPA) in March 2010 announced the formation of its Legal Information Archive, a collaborative digital preservation program for the law library community modeled after the Chesapeake Project. All LIPA-member libraries are invited to participate in the Legal Information Archive.
For more information, visit the LIPA Web site at www.aallnet.org/committee/lipa or the Chesapeake Project at www.legalinfoarchive.org.
Digital Preservation · News for Faculty · News for Students
March 24, 2010 · Todd Venie
Fans of the legislative process have a new favorite Web site to frequent. C-SPAN has made digital copies of every program it has broadcast since 1987 available online
. This video collection, totaling more than 160,000 hours, is searchable and is indexed by subject, person name, congressional committee, and several other fields.
In addition to its coverage of Congressional activity, C-SPAN also broadcasts original programs, such as Booknotes, and America and the Courts. These programs are included as well, and the entire collection is available at no cost for education, research, review or home viewing purposes.
Digital Preservation · Government Information · Technology News · Washington Culture and News
June 25, 2009 · Sara Sampson
-- The Chesapeake Project Legal Information Archive releases its ‘Two-Year Pilot Project Evaluation,’ describing size of digital archive, access statistics and ‘link rot’ among archived publications --
The Chesapeake Project Legal Information Archive has released a comprehensive report evaluating its digital preservation efforts over the past two years.
A joint effort of the Georgetown University Law Library and the State Law Libraries of Maryland and Virginia, the project was created as a two-year pilot to investigate the feasibility of establishing a collaborative digital archive, shared by multiple institutions in the law library community, for the preservation of Web-published legal materials. The aim of the project is to ensure long-term access to these born-digital publications, which can be easily lost as Web site content is rearranged or deleted over time.
The project evaluation reveals that nearly 14 percent, or approximately one in seven, of the online publications archived between March 2007 and March 2009 have already disappeared from their original locations on the Web but, due to the project’s efforts, remain accessible via permanent archive URLs. A similar analysis in 2008 showed that slightly more than 8 percent of archived titles had disappeared from their original URLs, demonstrating a dramatic increase in “link rot,” or inactive URLs, among archived Web content over the past year.
The evaluation also reports that the libraries participating in the project have archived more than 4,300 digital objects and tracked more than 177,000 visits to www.legalinfoarchive.org, the open-access home of The Chesapeake Project’s digital archive collections. Users of the project’s Web site visited from U.S. educational, government, and military institutions, as well as from countries abroad throughout the Americas, Europe, the Middle East, Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Pacific Islands.
The full project evaluation is available at www.legalinfoarchive.org.
Having successfully completed its initial two-year pilot phase, The Chesapeake Project Legal Information Archive is currently expanding. Law libraries nationwide are encouraged to join this collaborative digital archive or establish similar preservation initiatives under the auspices of the Legal Information Preservation Alliance (LIPA).
For more information, visit the LIPA Web site at www.aallnet.org/committee/lipa or The Chesapeake Project at www.legalinfoarchive.org.
May 07, 2009 · Roger Skalbeck
Amazon just announced a large-format version of their electronic book reader, called the Kindle DX, which you can see in action at engadget. The product doesn't launch until this summer, but it could be in the hands of many university students for a pilot coming to five schools this fall. Library Journal reports that these schools are: Arizona State, Case Western Reserve, Princeton, Reed College and Darden School of Business at the University of Virginia. As of yet, there are no law schools who will try this out. Because Kindle books are typically locked into a single device, this could mean the disappearance of a used book market. That said, it means fewer dead trees and possibly more publishing options for content producers. In law schools, where much of the raw source material is in the public domain, casebooks and case compilations could be done very economically, if not for free.
An interesting feature of the new device is that it supports native PDF documents, instead of forcing people to pay to convert them to a proprietary Kindle format. This means you could get class notes or reading materials in PDF format and read them directly. It's not clear if this would support image-based formats like scanned law reviews from Hein Online or published reporter cases from Westlaw. If so, this could be a boon for students willing to pay almost $500 for the device.
In the past, there has been some debate over whether libraries can lend Kindle readers to their users. One problem with having a Kindle in a library is that book purchasing is tied directly to the account on the device. A library owning one to lend would have to disable purchasing options. Books purchased for the Kindle cannot be transferred to another device.
In advance of the latest Kindle announcement, the New York Times ran a story about large format e-book readers, exploring questions of whether these could save daily newspapers. Media conglomerate Hearst Corporation is rumored to be launching a wireless e-book reader. They publish everything from Harper's Bazaar to Good Housekeeping to Popular Mechanics. It will be exciting to see how electronic books develop over time. They look like a possible life preserver for print media. Perhaps this Fall we'll see how they fare in the education sector.
Update: Additional coverage, including law school topics, is found here:
Digital Preservation · Legal Education · News for Students · Technology News