On March 14th, 2012, the International Criminal Court (ICC) decided its first verdict. Thomas Lubanga Dyilo, the former president of the Union of Congolese Patriots, was found guilty of conscripting and enlisting children under the age of 15 and making them actively participate in hostilities within the meaning of articles 8(2)(b)(xxvi), 8(2)(e)(vii), and 25(3)(a) of the Rome Statute. The Chamber, consisting of three judges, found Mr. Dyilo guilty beyond a reasonable doubt of these crimes.
The summary of the judgment is available here. The full judgment is available here. The ICC is an independent permanent criminal court established and governed by the Rome Statute, which came into force July 1, 2002.