Left Behind: How Statelessness in the Dominican Republic Limits Children’s Access to Education

April 11, 2014 —

Left Behind: How Statelessness in the Dominican Republic Limits Children's Access to Education Left Behind: How Statelessness in the Dominican Republic Limits Children's Access to Education

On the first day of school, children often worry whether they’ll make new friends or like their teachers. But in the Dominican Republic, some confront a far graver concern: Will I be turned away because I don’t have a birth certificate?

A report published today by the Human Rights Institute at Georgetown University Law Center shows that many children born in the Dominican Republic but descended from foreigners, particularly Haitians, are denied an education. For generations, such children were recognized as citizens, but within the last decade, the Dominican government has refused to issue many of them birth certificates, identity cards and other essential documentation, rendering them stateless. The report, Left Behind: How Statelessness in the Dominican Republic Limits Children’s Access to Education, concludes that the Dominican Republic is failing to comply with its domestic and international human rights obligations, including the human right to education.

“We wanted to look at the human impact that statelessness has on children through the lens of education as an important enabling right,” said Georgetown Law student Jamie Armstrong, LLM’14, one of the report’s editors. “Education is critical to the development of a child and it is a gateway to full civil, political, economic, social, and cultural participation in society. What we found, however, is that this path is often barred with devastating consequences for children who are stateless or at risk of statelessness.”

The report is the product of months of research, including interviews with dozens of affected children and families, as well as educators, advocates and government officials. Several of the Dominicans of Haitian descent interviewed were prevented from attending primary school, secondary school or university because they could not obtain identity documents. Of those allowed to attend school despite not having birth certificates, many were denied the ability to take national exams required to graduate.

All of this occurs in spite of laws, policies, constitutional provisions and international human rights commitments that are meant to guarantee children’s right to education. The report found that administrative barriers, discrimination and confusion about the law has meant that in practice not all children in the Dominican Republic are allowed to go to school, even if they consider themselves Dominicans.

“We just want a miracle from God to get our documents, to have the opportunity to go to school,” said one 14-year-old girl interviewed for the report.

The Georgetown Law Human Rights Institute serves as the focal point for human rights activities at Georgetown Law and promotes Georgetown Law’s role as a leader in the field of human rights.

Additional information and an electronic copy of the full report are available here. The official report launch will be held at 9:00 a.m. (GMT -04:00) today at Georgetown Law. It will be followed by an English-language media call at 1:00 p.m., and a Spanish-language media call at 2:00 p.m.

To join the 1:00 p.m. English media call:
Dial-in: 1-857-232-0159
Conference code: 840371

To join the 2:00 p.m. Spanish media call:
Dial-in: 1-857-232-0156
Conference code: 772719

Media contacts:

mediarelations@law.georgetown.edu

(English) Student researcher:
Elizabeth Gibson
+1-614-593-1400
eag75@georgetown.edu

(Spanish) Student researcher:
Shaw Drake
+1-336-324-8667
shaw.drake@gmail.com