Hepatitis Policy Project

Working at the intersection of law and policy to set a course towards elimination of viral hepatitis in the United States

Hepatitis C is a contagious viral infection that causes inflammation in the liver. It is caused by the Hepatitis C virus (HCV), and can be acute or chronic.

Hepatitis C Statistics

In the United States, it is estimated that 3.5 million people are chronically infected with Hepatitis C.

Source: Edlin, et.al., HEPATOLOGY, November 2015

Of every 100 persons infected with HCV, approximately...


will go on to develop chronic infection


will go on to develop chronic liver disease


will go on to develop cirrhosis over a period of 20–30 years


will die from the consequences of chronic infection

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

There has been a 392% increase in Hepatitis C liver-related deaths in the U.S. between 2001-2016.

2001: 5,300 Cases - 2016: 20,800 Cases

Source: Polaris Observatory

Hepatitis C causes more deaths than all 60 CDC notifiable diseases combined

19,368 Hepatitis C Virus885 Pneumococcal Disease992 Tuberculosis5.136 Staph. Infections8,831 HIV

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Expert Columns

Blog posts written by Hepatitis professionals, advocates, and patients. The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the O'Neill Institute or Georgetown University.

Actions Speak Louder than Words: Reclaiming Lost Ground in the Battles Against Viral Hepatitis

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Staff Insights

The Silent Epidemic of Hepatitis C in the United States

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Planning for Success: Adequate Funding for Hepatitis C Surveillance and Monitoring is Vital to Achieving Elimination

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Hepatitis C Publications

Review and download white papers and research briefs from O'Neill Institute personnel.

Cover of: Monitoring the Hepatitis C Epidemic in the United States

Featured Publication

Monitoring the Hepatitis C Epidemic in the United States: What Tools Are Needed to Achieve Elimination? Read the article.

Hepatitis C is the most common cause of viral hepatitis infections in the US, and it can cause severe health complications such as liver cancer or death. It is estimated that 3.5 million Americans currently have Hepatitis C, yet there exists inadequate data monitoring or case surveillance conducted to determine the full scope of the disease in the US and to inform efforts to reduce prevalence. This brief focuses on the current state of Hepatitis C data monitoring and surveillance, and identifies new practical and achievable policies and actions to strengthen our capacity to work toward elimination.

Contact Us

O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law
600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
(202) 662-9203

Sonia Canzater, Hepatitis Policy Project Associate

Jeffrey Crowley, Program Director

The Hepatitis Policy Project is supported by a grant from Gilead Sciences.