CANNABIS LEGALIZATION AND THE PUBLIC HEALTH

Resources

To make sure everyone has a solid foundation of knowledge to make the meeting as productive as possible, we recommend that each participant read the following before the meeting:

  • O’Neill-WOLA Background Paper for Participants.
  • One or more readings from the following “Ways to Regulate Legalized Cannabis” category (roughly listed in order, from shortest to longest).

Recommended Readings on Ways to Regulate Legalized Cannabis and its Production, Marketing, and Use to Protect and Promote the Public Health

Haden M & Emerson, B, “A vision for cannabis regulation: a public health approach based on lessons learned from the regulation of alcohol and tobacco,” Open Medicine, Epub (June 10, 2014)

Kilmer, B, “Policy Designs for cannabis legalization: starting with the eight Ps,” American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse 40(4): 259-61 (2014).

Caulkins, JP, et al., “Considering marijuana legalization carefully: insights for other jurisdictions from analysis for Vermont,” Addiction, Epub (Feb. 7, 2016).

UK Liberal Democrats political party, A Framework for a Regulated Market for Cannabis in the UK: Recommendations from an Expert Panel (March 8, 2016).

Blue Ribbon Commission on Marijuana Policy, Pathways Report: Policy Options for Regulating Marijuana in California (July 22, 2015).

Rolles, S & Murkin, G, How to Regulate Cannabis: A Practical Guide, Transform Drug Policy Foundation (2013).

For those wanting more detail on the major topics covered by the background document:

Cannabis Use Health Effects

Hall, W., “What has research over the past two decades revealed about the adverse health effects of recreational cannabis use,” Addiction 110:19-35, Epub (Oct. 2014) [formally published Jan. 2015].

World Health Organization, Department of Mental Health & Substance Abuse, The Health & Social Costs of Nonmedical Cannabis Use (March 2016) [see, especially, Chapter 9, Conclusions].

Weinberger, AH, et al., “Is cannabis use associated with an increased risk of onset and persistence of alcohol disorders? A three-year prospective study among adults in the United States,” Drug & Alcohol Dependence, Epub before print (Feb. 11, 2016].

Medical Uses of Cannabis

Belendiuk, KA, et al., “Narrative review of the safety and efficacy of marijuana for the treatment of commonly state-approved medical and psychiatric disorders,” Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, Epub (April 21, 2015).

Madras, BK, Update of Cannabis and Its Medical Use, prepared for the open 37th meeting of the Expert Committee on Drug Dependence, World Health Organization (Nov. 16-20, 2015)

Cannabis Use Characteristics

Schauer, GL, et al., “Toking, vaping, and eating for health or fun: Marijuana use patterns in adults, U.S., 2014,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 50(1): 1-8 (Jan. 2016).

Pacula, RL, et al., “In the weeds: a baseline view of cannabis use among legalizing states and their neighbors,” Addiction, Epub ahead of print (Dec. 21, 2015).

Appendix I: Cannabis Use & Trends in the USA

Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Detailed Tables.

Schauer, GL, et al., “Toking, vaping, and eating for health or fun: Marijuana use patterns in adults, U.S., 2014,” American Jnl of Preventive Medicine 50(1): 1-8 (Jan. 2016).

Appendix II: Medical Cannabis Legalization to Date

For all state laws relating to medical cannabis: National Conference of State Legislatures website, State Medical Marijuana Laws and ProCon.org, 23 Legal Medical Marijuana States and DC.

Appendix III: Non-Medical Cannabis Legalization to Date

Hall W, et al. “Assessing the public health impacts of legalizing recreational cannabis use in the USA”, Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics 97(6): 607-15 (June 2015); The Int’l Jnl on Drug Policy (March 2016);

For Washington’s law, see the Washington State Liquor & Cannabis Board website. For Colorado, see Department of Revenue, Enforcement Division website. For Oregon, see the government’s Recreational Marijuana website. For Alaska’s law see the Alcohol & Marihuana Control Office Marijuana Statutes & Regulations website. For an interactive map with information on each state’s laws, see Law Atlas, Recreational Marijuana Laws Map.

Walsh J & Ramsey G, Uruguay’s Drug Policy: Major Innovations, Major Challenges, Foreign Policy at Brookings (2015).