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Chapter 10

Enforcing Women’s International Rights at Home: International Law in Domestic Courts

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Documents from the Chapter

Each document has its own box.  The box contains, on the top bold line, the name of the document. This is followed by the legal citation (not in bold).  Under these lines, the box contains one or more sources for opening the document.  In the left-hand column (“HTML”or “PDF”), the reader can access the official document copy, hosted on RossRights.  This permits rapid access to the document. In the right-hand column (“External Link”), the reader can access the same document on an official website.  This link will often take more time to appear than the PDF or HTML copy, but should be used for official legal citations.

For all United Nations Treaties, the source marked "UN High Comm'r for Human Rights" contains the relevant treaty, without the G.A. res.

Map AvailableMap(s) Available
Photo AvailablePhoto(s) Available



Conventions and Other International Documents

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties,

1155 U.N.T.S. 331, 8 I.L.M. 679, entered into force Jan. 27, 1980.

United Nations PDF

Statute of the International Court of Justice
International Court of Justice HTML


Attorney General v. Unity Dow,

[1992] LRC (Const) 628 (1992). (Appeal Court of Botswana)

RossRights HTML

*This site provides all the high court documents, the court of appeals documents and annotated bibliography. The five judicial opinions begin on page 123 and end at 196 as they appear at the bottom of each page.


Map of Botswana

Botswana is located in Southern Africa, north of South Africa.


Vishaka v. Rajasthan,

[1997] 3 LRC 361(1997).

Supreme Court of India HTML

Map of India

India is located in Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between

Burma and Pakistan.


Asakura v. City of Seattle,

265 U.S. 332 (1924).

United States Reports PDF

Map of the United States

Seattle is the largest city in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It is located in the U.S. state of Washington between Puget Sound and Lake Washington, about 96 miles (155 km) south of the United States–Canadian border in King County, of which it is the county seat. (Source: Wikipedia)


Other Relevant Conventions

African (Banjul) Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights,

adopted June 27, 1981, OAU Doc. CAB/LEG/67/3 rev. 5, 21 I.L.M. 58 (1982), entered into force Oct. 21, 1986.
African Union PDF

Supplementary Slavery Convention,

226 U.N.T.S. 3, entered into force April 30, 1957.
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

Slavery Convention of 1926,

60 U.N.T.S. 253, entered into force March 9, 1927.

UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

Protocol Amending the Slavery Convention,

182 U.N.T.S. 51, entered into force December 7, 1953.
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women,

G.A. Res. 2263, U.N. Doc. A/RES/2263 (Nov. 7, 1967).
UN Official Document System PDF


Links from the Chapter

Other Developments

For a recent Supreme Court decision on self-execution versus non-self-execution, see the case below:   


Medellin v. Texas,

552 U.S. 491 (2008).

United States Reports PDF

^ Click on Opinions; click on Bound Volumes; Click on Volume 552.

For a report explaining possible meanings of Medellin and making recommendations, see below:


ASIL Insight, ABA Adopts ABA-ASIL Joint Task Force Policies on Implementing Treaties under U.S. Law,

Volume 14, Issue 10, May 6, 2010, available at http://www.asil.org/sites/default/files/insight100506pdf.pdf



For a case in Bangladesh with a similiar result to Vishaka, see below:

Bangladesh National Women Lawyers Association (BNWLA) v. Govt of Bangladesh,

Bangladesh National Women Lawyers Association (BNWLA) v. Govt. of Bangladesh and Others, [2009]

Supreme Court of Bangladesh: High Court Division HTML