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Each document has its own box.  The box contains, on the top bold line, the name of the document.  This is followed by the legal citation (not in bold).  Under these lines, the box contains one or more sources for opening the document.  In the left-hand column (“HTML”or “PDF”), the reader can access the official document copy, hosted on RossRights.  This permits rapid access to the document.  In the right-hand column (“External Link”), the reader can access the same document on an official website.  This link will often take more time to appear than the PDF or HTML copy, but should be used for official legal citations. Where there is an asterisk (*) in the box, it indicates that there is an explanatory footnote directly below the box, which tells the reader how to access/locate the document.

For all United Nations Treaties, the source marked "Original" contains the UN General Assembly Resolution (G.A. res.) adopting the relevant treaty, which is found in the "Annex" following the Resolution.  The source marked "UN High Comm'r for Human Rights" contains the relevant treaty, without the G.A. res. When following a link that requires searching for a symbol, there are several preliminary steps: first, copy the listed symbol and click the link, second; select a language; third, clicking the "Simple Search" button; and fourth, paste the symbol into the "Symbol" blank and click the "Search" button.

 

Chapter 1

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women,

G.A. res. 34/180, 34 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 46) at 193, U.N. Doc. A/34/46, entered into force Sept. 3, 1981.
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to the bottom of the first page, document begins in right column

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women,

G.A. res. 54/4, annex, 54 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 5, U.N. Doc. A/54/49 (Vol. I) (2000), entered into force Dec. 22, 2000.

Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on A/RES/54/4

CEDAW Committee Rules for Complaints Procedure
United Nations  
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights  

^Only includes Section III.

*Scroll down to Section III for the rules relating to the Complaints Procedure.

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties,

1155 U.N.T.S. 331, 8 I.L.M. 679, entered into force Jan. 27, 1980.

United Nations PDF

 

Four Women Win Seats in Kuwait Parliament,

Robert F. Worth, First Women Win Seats in Kuwait Parliament, N.Y. Times, May 18, 2009 at A4

New York Times Company

 

Treaty Reference Guide

U.N. Treaty Collection

United Nations  

 

Physicians for Human Rights, The Taliban’s War on Women: A Health and Human Rights Crisis in Afghanistan (1998).
Physicians for Human Rights PDF

 

Afghanistan: Statistics
Unicef HTML

 

Afghanistan Constitution (2004)
AsianLII HTML

 

Situation of Women and Girls in Afghanistan: Report of the Secretary-General

U.N. Doc. E/CN.6.2003/4 (2003)

Original PDF

*Search for Symbol: E/CN.6/2003/4

 

Chapter 2

Charter of the United Nations,

June 26, 1945, 59 Stat. 1031, T.S. 993, 3 Bevans 1153, entered into force Oct. 24, 1945.

UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

 

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,

G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 52, U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966), 999 U.N.T.S. 171, entered into force Mar. 23, 1976.
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on 2200 (XXI).

Universal Declaration of Human Rights,

G.A. res. 217A (III), U.N. Doc A/810 at 71 (1948).
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on 217(III).

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,

G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 59, U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966), 999 U.N.T.S. 302, entered into force March 23, 1976.
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on 2200 (XXI).

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women,

G.A. res. 54/4, annex, 54 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 5, U.N. Doc. A/54/49 (Vol. I) (2000), entered into force Dec. 22, 2000.

Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on A/RES/54/4.

Ato del Avellanal v. Peru,

Communication No. 202/1986 (28 October 1988), U.N. Doc. Supp. No. 40 (A/44/40) at 196 (1988).

Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights HTML

*Search for Symbol: A/44/40, Truncation: None. Go to page 196 (PDF page 201) of PDF file.

Shirin Aumeeruddy-Cziffra and 19 other Mauritian Women v. Mauritius,

Communication No. 35/1978 (9 April 1981), U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/OP/1 at 67 (1984).

UN High Comm'r for Human Rights HTML
Mauritian Response to Decision HTML

 

United States v. Virginia,

518 U.S. 515 (1996).

United States Reports PDF

*Scroll Down to numbered page 515.

 

Nguyen v. INS,

533 U.S. 53 (2001).

United States Reports/Cornell University PDF

 

Chapter 3

 

 

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,

G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 52, U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966), 999 U.N.T.S. 171, entered into force Mar. 23, 1976.
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

 

  First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,

G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N.GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 49, U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966), 993 U.N.T.S. 3, entered into force Mar. 23, 1976.
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

 

International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights,

G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N.GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 49, U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966), 993 U.N.T.S. 3, entered into force Jan. 3, 1976.
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

 

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights*,

G.A. res. 63/117
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*This optional protocol opens for accession and ratification on September 24th, 2009.

It will enter into force once ten states have ratified it

 

CEDAW Committee General Recommendations

U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights External Link
University of Minnesota Human Rights Library External Link
Bayefsky.com^ External Link

^Recommended.

States Reports to the CEDAW Committee

U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights* External Link
Bayefsky.com^ External Link

*Select the session and follow the links to the states reports. Note: As of August 1, 2008, the website is incomplete, listing only the most recent sessions.

^Recommended.

CEDAW Committee Concluding Observations

U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights* External Link
University of Minnesota Human Rights Library** External Link
Bayefsky.com^ External Link

*Select the session and follow the links to the states reports. Note: As of August 1, 2008, the website is incomplete, listing only the most recent sessions.

^Recommended

CESCR General Comments

U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights External Link
University of Minnesota Human Rights Library External Link
Bayefsky.com External Link

 

States Reports to the CESCR

U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights* External Link
Bayefsky.com^ External Link

*Select the session and follow the links to the states reports. Note: As of August 1, 2008, the website is incomplete, listing only the most recent sessions.

^Recommended for ease of use.

CESCR Concluding Observations

U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights* External Link
University of Minnesota Human Rights Library** External Link
Bayefsky.com^ External Link

*Select the session and follow the links to the states reports. Note: As of August 1, 2008, the website is incomplete, listing only the most recent sessions.

^Recommended for ease of use.

Human Rights Committee (CCPR) General Comments

U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights External Link
Bayefsky.com^ External Link

^Recommended for ease of use.

States Reports to the HRC (CCPR)

U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights* External Link
Bayefsky.com^ External Link

*Select the session and follow the links to the states reports. Note: As of August 1, 2008, the website is incomplete, listing only the most recent sessions.

^Recommended for ease of use.

HRC (CCPR) Concluding Observations

U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights* External Link
Bayefsky.com^ External Link

*Select the session and follow the links to the states reports. Note: As of August 1, 2008, the website is incomplete, listing only the most recent sessions.

^Recommended for ease of use.

 

 

International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights,

G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N.GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 49, U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966), 993 U.N.T.S. 3, entered into force Jan. 3, 1976.
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on 2200 (XXI)

Broeks v. The Netherlands,

Communication No. 172/1984, UN Doc. Supp. No. 40 (A/42/40) at 139 (1987).

Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights HTML

*Search for Symbol: A/42/40, Truncation: None. Go to page 139 (PDF page 145) of PDF file.

Vos v. The Netherlands,

Communication No. 218/1986, UN Doc. Supp. No. 40 (A/44/40) at 232 (1989).

Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights HTML

*Search for Symbol: A/44/40, Truncation: None. Go to page 232 (PDF page 237) of PDF file.

Ponsamy Poongavanam v. Mauritius,

Communication No. 567/1993, UN Doc. CCPR/C/51/D/567/1993 (1993).

UN High Comm'r for Human Rights HTML

 

J.H.W. v. The Netherlands,

Communication No. 501/1992, UN Doc. CCPR/C/48/D/501/1992 (1993).

UN High Comm'r for Human Rights HTML

 

Chapter 4

Charter of the United Nations,

June 26, 1945, 59 Stat. 1031, T.S. 993, 3 Bevans 1153, entered into force Oct. 24, 1945.

UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

 

Universal Declaration of Human Rights,

G.A. res. 217A (III), U.N. Doc A/810 at 71 (1948).
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on 217(III).

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,

G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 52, U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966), 999 U.N.T.S. 171, entered into force Mar. 23, 1976.
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on 2200 (XXI).

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,

G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 59, U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966), 999 U.N.T.S. 302, entered into force March 23, 1976.
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on 2200 (XXI).

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties,

1155 U.N.T.S. 331, 8 I.L.M. 679, entered into force Jan. 27, 1980.

United Nations PDF

 

Human Rights Committee, General Comment 28, Equality of rights between men and women (article 3),

U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.10 (2000).

UN High Comm'r for Human Rights HTML

 

Human Rights Committee, General Comment 22, The right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion (article 18),

U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.4 (1993).

UN High Comm'r for Human Rights HTML

 

Legal Consequences for States of the Continued Presence of South Africa in Namibia (South West Africa) Notwithstanding Security Resolution 276,

1971 I.C.J. 16, 56-57 (1970).

International Court of Justice PDF

 

E.E.O.C. v. Fremont Christian School,

781 F.2d 1362 (9th Cir. 1986).

RossRights HTML

 

Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief,

G.A. res. 36/55, 36 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 51) at 171, U.N. Doc. A/36/684 (1981).
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on A/RES/36/55.

Chapter 5

American Convention on Human Rights,

O.A.S.Treaty Series No. 36, 1144 U.N.T.S. 123, entered into force July 18, 1978, reprinted in Basic Documents Pertaining to Human Rights in the Inter-American System, OEA/Ser.L.V/II.82 doc.6 rev.1 at 25 (1992).

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights HTML
Organization of American States Office of International Law HTML

 

Report on Admissibility of Jessica Gonzales and Others v. United States,

REPORT Nº 52/07, PETITION 1490-05, ADMISSIBILITY, JESSICA GONZALES AND OTHERS, UNITED STATES (*), July 24, 2007

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights PDF

 

Proposed Amendments to the Naturalization Provisions of the Constitution of Costa Rica,

Advisory Opinion OC-4/84, January 19, 1984, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (Ser. A) No. 4 (1984).

Inter-American Court of Human Rights PDF

 

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, General Recommendation 21, Equality in marriage and family relations (Thirteenth session, 1992),

U.N. Doc. A/49/38 at 1 (1994), reprinted in Compilation of General Comments and General Recommendations Adopted by Human Rights Treaty Bodies, U.N. Doc. HRI/GEN/1/Rev.6 at 250 (2003).

United Nations (Compilation) PDF

*Search for Symbol: HRI/GEN/1/Rev.6

Human Rights Committee, General Comment 28, Equality of rights between men and women (article 3),

U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.10 (2000).

UN High Comm'r for Human Rights HTML

 

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women,

G.A. res. 34/180, 34 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 46) at 193, U.N. Doc. A/34/46, entered into force Sept. 3, 1981.
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to the bottom of the first page, document begins in right column

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,

G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 52, U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966), 999 U.N.T.S. 171, entered into force Mar. 23, 1976.
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on 2200 (XXI).

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,

G.A. res. 2200A (XXI), 21 U.N.GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 49, U.N. Doc. A/6316 (1966), 993 U.N.T.S. 3, entered into force Jan. 3, 1976.
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on 2200 (XXI).

African (Banjul) Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights,

adopted June 27, 1981, OAU Doc. CAB/LEG/67/3 rev. 5, 21 I.L.M. 58 (1982), entered into force Oct. 21, 1986.
African Union PDF

 

Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa,

Adopted by the 2nd Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union, Maputo, CAB/LEG/66.6 (Sept. 13, 2000); reprinted in 1 Afr. Hum. Rts. L.J. 40, entered into force Nov. 25, 2005.

African Union PDF
African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights HTML

 

Chapter 6

 

[European] Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms,

(ETS 5), 213 U.N.T.S. 222 entered into force Sept. 3, 1953, as amended by Protocols 2 (ETS 44), 3 (ETS 45), 5 (ETS 55), 8 (ETS 118), and 11 (ETS 155) which entered into force May 18, 1954, Sept. 21, 1970, Dec. 20, 1971, Jan. 1, 1990, and May 11, 1994, respectively.
Official Council of Europe Website HTML*
European Court of Human Rights PDF

*Links to Protocols 1 (listed as "Protocol"), 4, 6, 7, 12, and 13 are located under the introduction on the right side of the page.

**Click on the desired language to view an unofficial translation of the Convention in that language.

For the original version of the European Convention and relevant protocols at the University of Minnesota's Human Rights Library, click on the appropriate link below:

 

Abdulaziz, Cabales and Balkandali v. United Kingdom,

7 Eur. H.R. Rep. 471 (1985).

European Court of Human Rights HTML

*Search for "CASE OF ABDULAZIZ, CABALES AND BALKANDALI".

Airey v. Ireland,

2 Eur. H.R. Rep. 305 (1979).

European Court of Human Rights HTML

*Search for "CASE OF AIREY v. IRELAND"."

Schmidt v. Germany,
18 Eur. H.R. Rep. 513 (1994).

European Court of Human Rights HTML

*Search for "CASE OF KARLHEINZ SCHMIDT v. GERMANY".

Burghartz v. Switzerland,
18 Eur. H.R. Rep. 101 (1994).

European Court of Human Rights HTML

*Search for "CASE OF BURGHARTZ v. SWITZERLAND".

Gubernat v. Deremer,

657 A.2d 856 (NJ 1995).

N.J. Supreme Court (at Rutgers) PDF*

*PDF generated from court document. Pagination may be off.

Chapter 7

Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) (1957) ("Treaty of Rome"),

Europa EUR-Lex TIFF

 

Treaty on European Union (EU) (1992) ("Maastricht Treaty"),

Europa EUR-Lex HTML

 

Amsterdam Treaty (1997),

Europa EUR-Lex HTML

 

Treaty of Nice (2001),

Europa EUR-Lex HTML

 

1976 Equal Treatment Directive
Europa EUR-Lex HTML

 

2002 Directive amending 1976 Equal Treatment Directive
Europa EUR-Lex PDF

 

European Economic Community (EEC)Regulations, Directives and Recommendations: Their legal character and how they work,

Ingeborg Heide, Gender Roles and Sex Equality 18-20, International Labour Office (2004).

Gender Roles and Sex Equality

 

1976 Equal Treatment Directive, as amended by 2002 Directive (Consolidated)
Europa EUR-Lex PDF

 

Commission of the European Communities v. United Kingdom,
Case 165/82, 1983 E.C.R. 3431 (1983).

European Court of Justice HTML

 

Johnston v. Chief Constable,
Case 222/84, 1986 E.C.R. 1651, 1676-1689 (1986).

European Court of Justice HTML

 

Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland) v. Kreil,
Case 285/98, 2001 E.C.R. I-69 (2000).

European Court of Justice - Judgment HTML

 

Public Ministry  v. Stoeckel,
Case 345/89, 1991 E.C.R. I-4047 (1991).

European Court of Justice (Judgment) HTML
European Court of Justice (Opinion of the Advocate General to the court) HTML

 

Rosenfeld v. Southern Pacific Co.,

444 F.2d 1219 (9th Cir. 1971).

RossRights HTML

 

Chapter 8

2002 Directive amending 1976 Equal Treatment Directive
Europa EUR-Lex PDF

 

1976 Equal Treatment Directive, as amended by 2002 Directive (Consolidated)
Europa EUR-Lex PDF

 

P89 Protocol of 1990 to the Night Work (Women) Convention (Revised)
International Labour Organization HTML

 

C171 Night Work Convention
International Labour Organization HTML

 

Nevada Department of Human Resources v. Hibbs,

538 U.S. 721 (2003).

United States Reports PDF

*Scroll Down to numbered page 721.

Hofmann v. Barmer Ersatzkasse,
Case 184/83, 1984 E.C.R. 3047 (1984).
European Court of Justice HTML

 

Commission of the European Communities v. France,
Case 312/86, 1988 E.C.R. 6315 (1988).

European Court of Justice HTML

 

Chapter 9

 

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices [Egypt], United States Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (2006)

U.S. Department of State HTML

Arab Republic of Egypt, First Periodic Report, CEDAW Committee,

U.N. Doc. CEDAW/C/5/Add.10 & Amend.1 (1983).
RossRights

PDF

PDF

 

CEDAW [Committee], Summary Record of the 34th and 39th meetings:] Egypt (1984),

U.N. Doc. ST/CSDHA/5, pp. 254-61, 405-11 (1989).
RossRights

PDF

*Note: Scroll to paragraph 81 at page 254 (continuing through paragraph 235 at page 261) and then to the unnumbered last paragraph on page 405 (continuing through page 411)

Arab Republic of Egypt, Second Periodic Report, CEDAW Committee,

U.N. Doc. CEDAW/C/13/Add.2 & Amend.1 (1989).
RossRights

PDF

PDF

 

CEDAW [Committee], Summary Record of the 164th and 165th meetings: Egypt's Second Report (1990),

U.N. Doc. A/39/45, paras. 181-235 (1984).
RossRights

PDF

 

Arab Republic of Egypt, Third Periodic Report, CEDAW Committee,

U.N. Doc. CEDAW/C/EGY/3 (1996).
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

 

Arab Republic of Egypt, Fourth and Fifth Periodic Reports, CEDAW Committee,

U.N. Doc. CEDAW/C/EGY/4-5 (2000).
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

 

CEDAW [Committee], Summary Record of the 492nd and 493rd meetings: Egypt's Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reports,

U.N. Doc. CEDAW/C/SR.492 & 493 (2001).
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights

PDF

PDF

 

CEDAW [Committee], Concluding Observations:  Egypt (2001).

U.N. Doc. A/56/38, paras.312-358 (2001).

UN High Comm'r for Human Rights HTML

 

 

Chapter 10

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties,

1155 U.N.T.S. 331, 8 I.L.M. 679, entered into force Jan. 27, 1980.

United Nations PDF

 

Statute of the International Court of Justice
International Court of Justice HTML

 

Attorney General v. Unity Dow,

[1992] LRC (Const) 628 (1992). (Appeal Court of Botswana)

RossRights HTML

 

African (Banjul) Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights,

adopted June 27, 1981, OAU Doc. CAB/LEG/67/3 rev. 5, 21 I.L.M. 58 (1982), entered into force Oct. 21, 1986.
African Union PDF

 

Vishaka v. Rajasthan,

[1997] 3 LRC 361(1997).

Supreme Court of India HTML

 

Asakura v. City of Seattle,

265 U.S. 332 (1924).

RossRights PDF

*Note: This case was not readily available in a public domain format. The external link leads to a commercial website source, which must be treated as copyrighted. The version hosted by RossRights ("HTML") is set up to avoid copyright issues.

Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices
Similar to Slavery,

226 U.N.T.S. 3, entered into force April 30, 1957.
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

 

Slavery, Servitude, Forced Labour and Similar Institutions and Practices Convention of 1926 (Slavery Convention of 1926),

60 L.N.T.S. 253, entered into force March 9, 1927.

UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

 

Protocol Amending the Slavery Convention,

182 U.N.T.S. 51, entered into force December 7, 1953.
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

 

 

Chapter 11

 

Opuz v. Turkey ,

Petition No. 33401/02, (June 9, 2009) available at http://cmiskp.echr.coe.int/tkp917/search.asp?skin=hudoc-en .

European Court of Human Rights HTML

 

Maria da Penha v. Brazil,

Case 12.051, Inter-Am. C.H.R., Report No. 54/01, Annual Report 2000, OEA/Ser.L./V/II.222 doc.20 rev. (2000).

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

 

Velasquez Rodriquez Case,

Judgment of July 29, 1988, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (Ser. C) No. 4 (1988).

Inter-American Court of Human Rights PDF

 

Delgado-Paéz v. Colombia,

Case No. 195/1985 (1990), U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/39/D/195/1985.

UN High Comm'r for Human Rights/Human Rights Council HTML

 

Report on Admissibilty of Jessica Gonzales and Others v. United States,

Jessica Gonzales and Others v. United States, Petition 1490-05, Inter-Am C.H.R, Report No. 52/7, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.07 (2007).

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights PDF External Link

 

Report on Admissibilty of Jessica Gonzales and Others v. United States,

Jessica Gonzales and Others v. United States, Petition 1490-05, Inter-Am C.H.R, Report No. 52/7, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.07 (2007).

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights PDF External Link

 

 

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, General Recommendation 19, Violence against women (Eleventh session, 1992),

U.N. Doc. A/47/38 at 1 (1993), reprinted in Compilation of General Comments and General Recommendations Adopted by Human Rights Treaty Bodies, U.N. Doc. HRI/GEN/1/Rev.6 at 243 (2003).

United Nations (Compilation) PDF

*Search for Symbol: HRI/GEN/1/Rev.6

Ms. A. T. v. Hungary,

U.N. Doc. CEDAW/C/32/D/2/2003 (2005)

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women HTML

 

Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women,

G.A. res. 48/104, 48 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 217, U.N. Doc. A/48/49 (1993).
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Search for Symbol: A/48/49

Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence Against Women,

33 I.L.M. 1534 (1994), entered into force March 5, 1995.

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights HTML
Organization of American States Office of International Law HTML

 

Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa,

Adopted by the 2nd Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union, Maputo, CAB/LEG/66.6 (Sept. 13, 2000); reprinted in 1 Afr. Hum. Rts. L.J. 40, entered into force Nov. 25, 2005.

African Union PDF
African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights HTML

 

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment,

G.A. res. 39/46, [annex, 39 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 51) at 197, U.N. Doc. A/39/51 (1984)], entered into force June 26, 1987.
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on A/RES/39/46

Human Rights Watch, Honoring the Killers:  Justice Denied for “Honor” Crimes in Jordan.

Human Rights Watch PDF

License: Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States.

Amnesty International, Pakistan:  Violence Against Women in the Name of Honour.

Amnesty International USA PDF

 

Amnesty International, Pakistan:  Insufficient Protection of Women.

Amnesty International USA PDF

 

Chapter 12

No documents available.

 

Chapter 13

Reynolds v. United States,

98 U.S. 145 (1878).

United States Reports HTML

 

Uganda Ass'n of Women Lawyers v. Attorney General,

Const. Pet. No. 2/03, (10 Mar 2004).

Constitutional Court of Uganda PDF

 

Law and Advocacy for Women in Uganda (LAWA) v. Attorney General,

Const. Pets. Nos. 13/05 & 05/06, [2007] UGCC 1 (5 April 2007).

Constitutional Court of Uganda HTML

 

Chapter 14

Roe v. Wade,

410 U.S. 113 (1973).

United States Reports HTML

 

Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania et al v. Casey,

505 U.S. 833 (1992).

United States Reports PDF

*Scroll Down to numbered page 833.

Gonzales v. Carhart,

550 U. S. ___ (2007) (slip opinion).

United States Reports PDF

 

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women,

G.A. res. 34/180, 34 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 46) at 193, U.N. Doc. A/34/46, entered into force Sept. 3, 1981.

Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

 

A.S. v. Hungary,

U. N. Doc. CEDAW/C/36/D/4/2004 (2006).

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women PDF

 

Huamán v. Peru,

Communication No. 1153/2003, UN Doc. CCPR/C/85/D/1153/2003 (2005).

UN Human Rights Committee PDF

*Search for Symbol: CCPR/C/85/D/1153/2003

White v. United States,

Case 2141, Inter-Am. C.H.R. Resolution 23/81, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.54, Doc. 9 rev. 1 (1981).

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights HTML
Concurring Decision of Dr. Andres Aguilar M. HTML
Dissenting Opinion of Dr. Marco Gerardo Monroy Cabra HTML

Vo v. France,

40 Eur. H.R. Rep. 259 (2004).

European Court of Human Rights HTML

*Instructions: Search for Case Title: "Vo v. France"; select CASE OF VO V. FRANCE from result list.

Written Comments by Center for Reproductive Rights on Vo v. France,

Vo v. France, 40 Eur. Hr.R. Rep. 259 (2004).

Center for Reproductive Rights PDF

Recommendation on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and Registration of Marriages,

G.A. res. 2018 (XX), 20 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 14) at 36, U.N. Doc. A/60141 (1965).
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on 2018 (XX).

Convention on the Rights of the Child,

G.A. res. 44/25, annex, 44 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 167, U.N. Doc. A/44/49 (1989), entered into force Sept. 2 1990.
Original PDF
UN High Comm'r for Human Rights PDF

*Scroll to and click on A/RES/44/25.