Emily Kimball is an Assistant Legal Adviser at the U.S. Department of State. She most recently served as the Legal Counselor at the U.S. Embassy in the Netherlands from fall 2021-summer 2024, representing U.S. interests in relation to the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the International Criminal Court, the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal and other international criminal tribunals and private international law institutions in The Hague. Previously she served as Assistant Legal Adviser for Afghanistan, Pakistan, and South and Central Asian Affairs at the U.S. Department of State, where she advised on the full range of legal issues affecting the work of the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs and the Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation. During prior rotations in the Department of State’s Office of the Legal Adviser (“L”), she has represented the United States before the ICJ in the Certain Iranian Assets case; handled issues of foreign sovereign immunity in litigation against foreign states in U.S. courts; advised on sanctions relating to North Korea, counter-terrorism, and Syria; and worked on a range of other legal issues arising in the United Nations system. Prior to joining L in 2009, Emily was a litigation associate at Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP in New York, NY, and she clerked for the late Judge John R. Gibson on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. She received her J.D. from Harvard Law School in 2005 and a B.A. in History and French Civilization from Brown University in 2002.