Volume XXII

Twice Shamed: The Use of Uganda’s Anti-Pornography Act to Turn Revenge Pornography Non-Consensual Image Distribution Victims Into Villains

by Twasiima Patricia Bigirwa

This Article argues that, in order to protect victims of non-consensual intimate image distribution (NIID), the Ugandan government should interpret and enforce the APA to hold perpetrators accountable. Additionally, the APA and other existing policies should be revised, and the government should support social change that makes it easier for victims to seek justice. Part I begins by defining and introducing NIID. It situates NIID on the continuum of sexual violence that is targeted towards women as a result of gendered power dynamics. Part II discusses the channels used to distribute NIID, highlighting the particular role played by the internet. Part III examines the use of culture, tradition, and religion to justify the regulation of women’s sexuality in Uganda, laying the foundation of the history and justifications that led to the enactment of the Anti-Pornography Act. Following the contextualization of the problem by examining its deep entrenchment and origin, Part IV discusses the rise of NIID in Uganda and introduces the concept of re-criminalization of survivors of NIID in Uganda. Part V then analyzes the Anti-Pornography Act, explaining the history of the Act and its implementation. Part VI proposes different legal, political, and social strategies that shift the focus to protecting victims and not perpetrators of NIID.

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