Mark R. Freeman is the Director of the Appellate Staff of the Civil Division at the U.S. Department of Justice. Mr. Freeman personally handles or supervises many of the most difficult, sensitive, and high-stakes civil appeals in the United States, including challenges to the constitutionality of federal statutes and agency programs. A graduate of Harvard Law School (JD magna cum laude 2003) and Harvard College (BS summa cum laude 1997), Mr. Freeman has personally argued more than 75 cases in the federal courts of appeals, including matters in all thirteen circuits, before multiple en banc courts, and in the Supreme Court. He is one of the Department’s leading experts on questions of structural constitutional law, including Appointments Clause and removal-power issues; nondelegation and federalism questions; interbranch disputes and congressional oversight litigation; and the law governing federal territories. Mr. Freeman joined the Department of Justice in 2004 through the Attorney General’s Honors Program after clerking for the Hon. Sandra Lynch on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit.