B.A., University of California, Riverside; J.D., Yale
Christy E. Lopez joined the faculty as a Distinguished Visitor from Practice in 2017, and was made Professor from Practice in 2020. From 2010 to 2017, Professor Lopez served as a Deputy Chief in the Special Litigation Section of the Civil Rights Division at the U.S. Department of Justice. Professor Lopez led the Division’s group conducting pattern-or-practice investigations of police departments and other law enforcement agencies, including litigating and negotiating settlement agreements to resolve investigative findings. Professor Lopez also helped coordinate the Department’s broader efforts to ensure constitutional policing.
Professor Lopez directly led the team that investigated the Ferguson Police Department and was a primary drafter of the Ferguson Report and negotiator of the Ferguson consent decree. She also led investigations of many other law enforcement agencies, including the Chicago Police Department, the New Orleans Police Department, the Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department, the Newark (New Jersey) Police Department, and the Missoula, Montana investigation. The Missoula matter was the Division’s first pattern-or-practice investigation to focus on the collective law enforcement response to allegations of sexual assault, and the first to focus on a prosecutor’s office. Professor Lopez helped formulate and draft the DOJ statement of interest in the Floyd litigation, challenging the New York Police Department’s stop-and-frisk practices, as well as DOJ guidance released in 2015 on preventing gender bias in the law enforcement response to sexual assault and domestic violence.
Professor Lopez’ career has been largely focused on criminal justice reform, and constitutional policing in particular. After clerking on the Alaska Supreme Court for Justice Robert L. Eastaugh, Professor Lopez began her civil rights career as an Honor’s Attorney in the Civil Rights Division from 1995-2000, investigating and litigating cases regarding jails, prisons, and police departments. Professor Lopez later served as a federal court monitor of the Oakland (California) Police Department for Senior District Judge Thelton E. Henderson of the Northern District of California. Throughout her career, Professor Lopez has been involved in police reform efforts at the state, local, and federal levels: she has conducted independent reviews of police shootings;served on the Maryland Attorney General’s Task Force on Electronic Weapons;was a contributing writer on the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Commission Report on sexual violence in prisons, jails, and lockups;and has served on various other commissions and working groups related to police standards.
In 2016, Professor Lopez was awarded the Flame Award by the National Association for Civilian Oversight of Law Enforcement (NACOLE) for her long-term commitment to police accountability and civilian oversight. In 2015, Professor Lopez was awarded the Department of Justice’s highest employee honor, the Attorney General’s Exceptional Service award, for her work leading the Ferguson Police Department pattern-or-practice investigation. In 2013, Professor Lopez was awarded the Attorney General’s John Marshall Award for her work leading the New Orleans Police Department investigation and consent decree negotiation.
At Georgetown, Professor Lopez teaches courses on Criminal Justice and Police/Criminal Justice Reform. She also co-leads Georgetown Law’s Program on Innovative Policing. She currently serves as an Advisor on the American Law Institute (ALI) Principles of Law, Policing. She authored the 2010 American Constitution Society Issue Brief, “Disorderly (mis)Conduct:The Problem with ‘Contempt of Cop’ Arrests.” She has previously taught law school courses on unlawful racial, national origin, and religious profiling, and on negotiations. Professor Lopez is licensed to practice law in Washington DC and California.
Selected Contributions to Other Publications
Book Chapters & Collected Works
"Most police departments in America are small. That’s partly why changing policing is difficult, experts say," coverage in The Washington Post, May 8, 2021, featuring Professor from Practice Christy E. Lopez.
"Questions and anger over Chicago's lack of foot chase policy," coverage by the Associated Press, April 29, 2021, featuring Professor from Practice Christy E. Lopez.
"'Recipe for conflict': How a heavy dependence on police enables the use of lethal force," coverage by PBS News Hour, April 28, 2021, featuring Professor from Practice Christy E. Lopez.
"After a blitz of police killings, reformers focus on the power of their unions," coverage in Berkeley News, April 28, 2021, featuring Professor from Practice Christy E. Lopez.