Post-master’s degree in trade law (DESS), the University of Paris-V; M.A. (Economics), Gokhale Institute for Politics and Economics, Pune, India; B.A., Fergusson College, Pune, India.

Ms. Watal is Counsellor in the Intellectual Property Division of the World Trade Organization from February 2001, where she has dealt with negotiations on TRIPS and public health. She has been a member of the Governance Board of the Medicines Patent Pool, Geneva since 2015. She has more than twenty two years of experience in government in India, of which ten years was devoted to policy, diplomacy, research and administration on intellectual property rights, including representing India in the TRIPS negotiations. She has researched and published on issues related to intellectual property rights, including a book Intellectual Property Rights in the WTO and Developing Countries (Oxford University Press, India and Kluwer Law International, 2001). She was a Visiting Scholar at the Center for International Development at Harvard University (2000) and at the Institute for International Economics, Washington DC (Oct. 1998-August 2000) and at the George Washington University Law School, Washington, D.C. (1997-2000). She worked in the Government of India, Ministry of Commerce as Director, Trade Policy Division, New Delhi (1995-1998). She also teaches aspects of the TRIPS Agreement in the University of Barcelona (IELPO) and at the World Trade Institute, Berne, Switzerland.