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Jennifer A. Hillman


Former Member, WTO Appellate Body, Professor from Practice

B.A., M.Ed., Duke; J.D., Harvard

Jennifer A. Hillman is currently a professor of practice at the Georgetown Law Center, teaching the lead courses in international business and international trade, while serving as...

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Jennifer A. Hillman is currently a professor of practice at the Georgetown Law Center, teaching the lead courses in international business and international trade, while serving as a fellow of Georgetown's Institute of International Economic Law (IIEL).She recently published Legal Aspects of Brexit:Implications of the United Kingdom's Decision to Withdraw from the European Union (IIEL 2017), drawn from a seminar she co-taught in the fall of 2016.She has also written extensively about international trade law and the WTO, including a 2017 IIEL Policy Brief on the WTO consistency of the Ryan-Brady "A Better Way" tax proposal, co-authoring the leading casebook on trade, International Trade Law, 3rd ed., Wolters Kluwer (2016), papers on recent WTO cases on sanitary and phytosanitary measures (World Trade Review) and "Changing Climate for Carbon Taxes" (GMFUS.org).

Hillman has had a distinguished career in public service, both nationally and internationally. She recently completed her term as one of seven members from around the world serving on the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Appellate Body. Prior to that, she served for nine years as a commissioner at the United States International Trade Commission (USITC), rendering decisions in more than six hundred investigations regarding injury to U.S. industries caused by imports that were dumped or subsidized, along with making numerous decisions in cases involving alleged patent or trademark infringement. Before her appointment to the USITC, Hillman served as general counsel at the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR), where she had previously been an ambassador and chief textiles negotiator. She also served as legislative director and counsel to U.S. Senator Terry Sanford of North Carolina.

Hillman formerly served as a partner in the law firm of Cassidy Levy Kent, a senior transatlantic fellow for the German Marshall Fund of the United States, as president of the Trade Policy Forum and on the selection panel for the Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation.She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and serves on the board of visitors at the Sanford School of Public Policy at Duke University.She is a graduate of the Harvard Law School and Duke University.

 

Recent Scholarship

Forthcoming Works and Works in Progress

  • Jennifer A. Hillman & Meredith A. Crowley, Slamming the Door on Trade Policy Discretion? The WTO Appellate Body's Ruling on Market Distortions and Production Costs in EU—Biodiesel (Argentina), (working paper).    [SSRN]

Books

  • Legal Aspects of Brexit: Implications of the United Kingdom's Decision to Withdraw from the European Union (Jennifer A. Hillman & Gary Horlick eds., Wash., D.C.: Institute of International Economic Law 2017).    [BOOK]
  • Jennifer A. Hillman, Joost Pauwelyn & Andrew T. Guzman, International Trade Law (New York: Wolters Kluwer 3d ed. 2016).   

Contributions to Law Reviews and Other Scholarly Journals

  • Jennifer A. Hillman & Chad P. Brown, Foot-and-Mouth Disease and Argentina's Beef Exports: The WTO's US–Animals Dispute, 16 World Trade Rev. 253-277 (2017).    [W] [SSRN]
  • Jennifer A. Hillman, Independence at the Top of the Triangle: Best Resolution of the Judicial Trilemma?, 111 Am. J. Int'l L. (Unbound) 364-368 (2017).    [SSRN] [Gtown Law]
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All Scholarship 2009 - Present

Forthcoming Works and Works in Progress

  • Jennifer A. Hillman & Meredith A. Crowley, Slamming the Door on Trade Policy Discretion? The WTO Appellate Body's Ruling on Market Distortions and Production Costs in EU—Biodiesel (Argentina), (working paper).    [SSRN]

Books

  • Legal Aspects of Brexit: Implications of the United Kingdom's Decision to Withdraw from the European Union (Jennifer A. Hillman & Gary Horlick eds., Wash., D.C.: Institute of International Economic Law 2017).    [BOOK]
  • Jennifer A. Hillman, Joost Pauwelyn & Andrew T. Guzman, International Trade Law (New York: Wolters Kluwer 3d ed. 2016).   

Contributions to Law Reviews and Other Scholarly Journals

  • Jennifer A. Hillman & Chad P. Brown, Foot-and-Mouth Disease and Argentina's Beef Exports: The WTO's US–Animals Dispute, 16 World Trade Rev. 253-277 (2017).    [W] [SSRN]
  • Jennifer A. Hillman, Independence at the Top of the Triangle: Best Resolution of the Judicial Trilemma?, 111 Am. J. Int'l L. (Unbound) 364-368 (2017).    [SSRN] [Gtown Law]
  • Jennifer A. Hillman & Chad P. Brown, Bird Flu, the OIE, and National Regulation: The WTO's India–Agricultural Products Dispute, 15 World Trade Rev. 235-257 (2016).    [W] [SSRN]
  • Jennifer A. Hillman, An Emerging International Rule of Law?—The WTO Dispute Settlement System’s Role in Its Evolution, 42 Ottawa L. Rev. 269-284 (2010-2011).    [HEIN] [W] [SSRN] [Gtown Law] [WWW]
  • Jennifer A. Hillman, Conflicts Between Dispute Settlement Mechanisms in Regional Trade Agreements and the WTO — What Should the WTO Do?, 42 Cornell Int'l L.J. 193-208 (2009).    [HEIN] [W] [SSRN] [Gtown Law] [WWW]

Book Chapters and Collected Works

  • Jennifer A. Hillman, Dispute Settlement Mechanism, in Trans-Pacific Partnership: An Assessment 213-232 (Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs & Jeffrey J. Schott eds., Wash., D.C.: Peterson Institute for International Economics 2016).    [BOOK]
  • Jennifer A. Hillman, Moving Towards an International Rule of Law? The Role of the GATT and the WTO in Its Development, in A History of Law and Lawyers in the GATT/WTO: The Development of the Rule of Law in the Multilateral Trading System 60-75 (Gabrielle Marceau ed., Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press 2015).    [BOOK]
Recent scholarship

In the News

"Trump is creating a toxic work environment at the US’s largest employer," coverage in Quartz, March 23, 2018, Jennifer Hillman, Professor From Practice.

"Mapping Out A WTO Case Against Trump's Metal Tariffs," coverage by Law 360, March 16, 2018, quoting Professor from Practice Jennifer A. Hillman.

"Solution to a Vexing Climate Policy Problem: WTO-Compliant Border Adjustments," coverage by Resources for the Future, March 15, 2018, mentioning Professor from Practice Jennifer A. Hillman and Adjunct Professor Matthew Porterfield.

"Trump’s Warning Shot on Trade Risks Igniting a Wider Conflict," coverage by The New York Times, March 10, 2018, quoting Professor from Practice Jennifer A. Hillman.

 "Trump plans to announce steel tariffs, but may allow exemptions for U.S. allies after all", coverage in the Los Angeles Times, March 7, 2018, quoting Professor Jennifer Hillman

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All News

"Trump is creating a toxic work environment at the US’s largest employer," coverage in Quartz, March 23, 2018, Jennifer Hillman, Professor From Practice.

"Mapping Out A WTO Case Against Trump's Metal Tariffs," coverage by Law 360, March 16, 2018, quoting Professor from Practice Jennifer A. Hillman.

"Solution to a Vexing Climate Policy Problem: WTO-Compliant Border Adjustments," coverage by Resources for the Future, March 15, 2018, mentioning Professor from Practice Jennifer A. Hillman and Adjunct Professor Matthew Porterfield.

"Trump’s Warning Shot on Trade Risks Igniting a Wider Conflict," coverage by The New York Times, March 10, 2018, quoting Professor from Practice Jennifer A. Hillman.

 "Trump plans to announce steel tariffs, but may allow exemptions for U.S. allies after all", coverage in the Los Angeles Times, March 7, 2018, quoting Professor Jennifer Hillman

"EU retort to Trump's tariffs risks breaching WTO rules", coverage in Financial Times, March 6, 2018, featuring Professor Jennifer Hillman

"EU retort to Trump’s tariffs risks breaching WTO rules," coverage by Financial Times, March 5, 2018, quoting Professor from Practice Jennifer Hillman.

"Trump Uses Tariffs as Threat in Nafta Negotiations," coverage in New York Times, March 5, 2018, quoting Professor Jennifer Hillman.

"Trump to Impose Sweeping Steel and Aluminum Tariffs," coverage by New York Times, March 1, 2018, quoting Professor Jennifer Hillman.

"3 ways Trump’s steel and aluminum tariffs could backfire,and "Foreign suppliers are flooding the U.S. alumninum market,coverage by the Washington Post, March 1, 2018, quoting Professor Jennifer Hillman. Professor Hillman was also quoted by the New York Times in a similar article "Trump to Impose Sweeping Steel and Aluminum Tariffs."

"What's Next In The WTO Tussle Over Trump's Safeguards," coverage by Law 360, February 9, 2018, quoting Professor from Practice Jennifer Hillman.

"Trump could use NAFTA withdrawal letter as negotiating leverage," covered by Reuters, January 10 2018, quoting Professor from Practice Jennifer Hillman.

"WTO advocates hope joint statements at MC11 could trigger negotiating progress," coverage by Inside U.S. Trade's Daily Report, December 29, 2017, quoting Professor from Practice Jennifer A. Hillman.

"Any Trump NAFTA withdrawal faces stiff court challenge: legal experts," coverage by Reuters, November 21, 2017, quoting Visiting Professor Jennifer Hillman.

"ITC Proposes Tariffs To Curb Samsung, LG Washer Imports," coverage by Law 360, November 21, 2017 mentioning Visiting Professor Jennifer Hillman.

"Whirlpool Scores Victory In Trade Case Against LG, Samsung," coverage by Law 360, October 5, 2017, mentioning Visiting Professor Jennifer A. Hillman.

"Little-known U.S. trade commission faces test in Boeing-Bombardier case," coverage by Reuters, September 27, 2017, quoting Visiting Professor Jennifer Hillman.

"Why Trump's threat to withdraw from NAFTA is an empty one," coverage in the Los Angeles Times, August 30, 2017, quoting Visiting Professor Jennifer Hillman.

"The WTO's Appellate Body Crisis Is Getting Worse," coverage in Law 360, August 25, 2017, quoting Visiting Professor Jennifer Hillman.

"New Book Details Legal Implications of Brexit," a book review in Lawfare, April 12, 2017, of Legal Aspects of Brexit: Implications of the United Kingdom’s Decision to Withdraw from the European Union, co-edited by Visiting Professor Jennifer Hillman and Adjunct Professor Gary Horlick and published by the Institute of International Economic Law.

"Congress, White House trying to get in lockstep for corporate tax reform," coverage by SNL, February 17, 2017, quoting Visiting Professor Jennifer Hillman.

"Voices: Parallels seen between Brexit fallout, Trump on trade," coverage in USA Today, October 29, 2016, featuring Visiting Professor Jennifer Hillman.

"Quinn Emanuel Whacked for Spilling Apple’s Secrets," coverage by Bloomberg Law, August 31, 2016, quoting Visiting Professor Jennifer Hillman.

"Pauwelyn, Guzman & Hillman: International Trade Law, 3rd ed. (2016) Now Out!," coverage in the International Economic Law and Policy Blog, June 28, 2016, featuring Visiting Professors of Law Joost Pauwelen and Jennifer A. Hillman

"DG Azevêdo pays tribute to Prof. John Jackson and Amb. Julio Lacarte Muró," a tribute to the late Georgetown Law Professor John Jackson in World Trade Organization News, June 10, 2016.

US Playing With Fire In WTO Appellate Body Spat,” coverage in Law 360, May 24, 2016, quoting Visiting Professor Jennifer Hillman.

Recent News

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