Fall 2021 Investigative Interns

Spring 2022 Investigative Interns

History of the Investigative Internship Program

Recognizing the need for high quality representation for indigent criminal defendants, the Criminal Justice Clinic was founded in 1960. Our goal is to ensure that persons charged with criminal offenses have access to top-notch legal services, so we provide them with energetic, innovative and dedicated attorneys. As part of the Criminal Defense & Prisoner Advocacy Clinic, Criminal Justice Clinic, and the Juvenile Justice Clinic, the Investigative Internship Program was founded in 1985 and continues to be an integral part of our success. Our investigators work closely with Clinic attorneys in all aspects of pre-trial preparation and, in exchange, we offer a hands-on educational and working environment.

Investigative Internship Program

A. Duties of the Investigative Intern

A thorough investigation of a criminal case is a prerequisite to a good defense. A defense investigator’s job is to ascertain the strengths and weaknesses of the government’s case and to provide a basis for the defense theory. In many cases handled by the Clinic, the prosecutor is not required to disclose facts that are critical to the case or will not provide the information in a format or time period that is useful. Pre-trial defense investigation is therefore necessary to properly advise the client, make strategic decisions about the case, and to prepare for trial. Investigative responsibilities include: locating and interviewing witnesses in both the field and local correctional facilities; drafting statements and memoranda for use in court hearings and at trial; conducting comprehensive criminal background checks; locating, collecting, reviewing and summarizing all written records and documentation that is relevant to the case; photographing, measuring and diagramming crime scenes and creating demonstrative evidence for trial.

Lastly, interns are responsible for assisting the attorney in last-minute trial preparation and resolving issues that arise while the attorney is in trial. Interns coordinate defense witnesses, making sure that they are properly subpoenaed and have reliable transportation to and from the courthouse. Investigators will also have to testify in some cases.

Interns conduct all field investigations in pairs.

Investigative interns are involved in all aspects of case preparation including providing strategic recommendations. Attorneys are encouraged to include their interns on consultations, plea negotiations, client meetings and strategy sessions.

In addition to pre-trial, criminal defense investigation, our interns also assist with post-conviction cases, where clients are filing for compassionate release or are eligible for resentencing under the Incarceration Reduction Amendment Act (IRAA).

B. Structure of the Internship Program

Each fall, spring, and summer semester, the Investigative Internship Program has 8-10 positions available. All undergraduate students, recent graduates and graduate students are eligible. (More information on qualifications can be found in the section covering the selection process.)

C. Duration of the Internship

All interns are required to commit to a minimum of 15 weeks during the spring and fall terms or 12 weeks during the summer term. Because many students who participate in the program are undergraduate students enrolled in a college on a semester schedule, the commencement and conclusion dates are consistent with those schedules. Interns may sometimes be permitted to take off days over the course of the term, but applicants should not make plans that create significant conflicts during the internship.

The beginning and ending dates for each term are noted below. Interns must be available full time the first week of the internship, in order to attend the mandatory training sessions. Applicants who are able to extend their stay at the Clinic past the listed end dates should note it on the materials they submit.

Interns who are participating in “Semester in Washington” programs:
Exemptions for the time commitment can be made if you are involved in a program that has a predetermined length and your housing provisions are dependent upon those provided by the program. The ability to make exemptions will depend upon the current needs of the Clinic. Contact the Investigations Supervisor if you would like to request an exemption.

D. Time Requirements

Investigative interns must be able to commit to a minimum of 3 full days per week although a full time commitment is preferred. The Clinic has found that it is difficult for interns to fully realize the benefits of the internship if their schedules are too limited, and it would be nearly impossible for the interns to complete the investigative work on their cases in less than 3 days/week. Interns with fewer time constraints are given preference.

Training Week Conflicts:

Interns must be available full time the first week of the internship, in order to attend the mandatory training sessions.

After the first week of training, interns should expect that they will have some work that will need to be accomplished during non-business hours. For instance, some witnesses are only available during evening or weekend hours, and days leading up to a trial are generally longer due to last-minute preparation. As a result, interns should expect that they will be working some odd hours and plan accordingly. Interns are not expected to work during times that they are scheduled for class, work, seminars or other required activities. However, interns must allow for some flexibility outside of those requirements.

Regardless of whether an intern is scheduled to work full-time during the term, every intern is required to complete the entire first-week training session.

E. Training Program

Interns must be available full time the first week of the internship, in order to attend the mandatory training sessions.

After the first week of training, interns should expect that they will have some work that will need to be accomplished during non-business hours. For instance, some witnesses are only available during evening or weekend hours, and days leading up to a trial are generally longer due to last-minute preparation. As a result, interns should expect that they will be working some odd hours and plan accordingly. Interns are not expected to work during times that they are scheduled for class, work, seminars or other required activities. However, interns must allow for some flexibility outside of those requirements.

Regardless of whether an intern is scheduled to work full-time during the term, every intern is required to complete the entire first-week training session.

F. Work Location

The Criminal Justice Clinic is located within the Law Center’s main building. The D.C. courthouse, federal district courthouse, police headquarters, mayor’s office and the prosecutor’s office are all within walking distance. For students without access to a car, the Law Center is accessible by public transportation.

Although the interns will spend time in their attorneys’ offices, there are also two investigative intern offices, which include desktop computers for use in online research and memo writing. Most of the investigative work, however, is accomplished in the field. Interns will travel throughout neighborhoods in D.C., Maryland, and Virginia, and to local courthouses and police stations. The training week emphasizes how to remain safe while in the field.

G. Access to Transportation

Interns who use their cars for investigation must maintain their own automobile insurance as the Clinic funds do not allow for separate coverage. Investigators who use their cars for this internship are reimbursed for work-related mileage and are given free, full time parking privileges (including overnight) in the garage at the Law Center. While it is beneficial to have full-time access to a vehicle, it is not required.

H. Dress

The atmosphere in the Clinic offices is informal, and casual clothing such as jeans, t-shirts and sneakers are encouraged for field investigation. Interns should be prepared to dress formally if they are required to testify in court.

I. Housing

The Clinic does not provide intern housing, but information on local resources is available upon request. Interns may also request that their names be released to other interns seeking housing if a shared housing situation is desired.

J. Tour-Lecture Series

The Clinic strives to provide investigative interns with an educational and rewarding experience. Therefore, to broaden the interns’ exposure to the criminal justice system, several tours and lectures are offered each term. Past tours have included the Medical Examiner’s Office, where interns have had the opportunity to view an autopsy; the Supreme Court and the U.S. Capitol; the Mobile Crime Unit of the Metropolitan Police Department, which collects physical evidence at crime scenes; St. Elizabeth’s Hospital, which provides residential treatment to more than 200 men and women with serious mental illnesses; and the DC Jail and F.B.I. buildings.

Previous interns have also participated in “ride-alongs” with the Metropolitan Police Department and DC Fire and EMS, and interns are encouraged to “court watch” criminal hearings or trials in their free time.

For those interested in attending law school, they will be given a meeting with Georgetown Law’s Director of Admissions and have free access to the law library and LSAT prep materials in the Clinic.

Certain tours are subject to availability and may not be available every term.

K. Financing the Internship

The Investigative Internship Program is an unpaid internship. The Clinic does not have funding to pay investigative interns, but participants are reimbursed for on-the-job mileage and work related expenses. For interns inside the Washington Metropolitan area, the costs are minimal. For interns who are traveling to D.C., for this internship, the cost of the internship will be living expenses. Housing is generally the greatest expense, but as indicated above, assistance in identifying less expensive housing is provided.

The Clinic does not want a potential applicant’s limited finances to prevent participation, so applicants are encouraged to seek outside funding. Some non-profit foundations and many schools now offer financial assistance to students who participate in unpaid public interest internships.

L. Receiving Academic Credit for the Internship

Many investigative interns are undergraduate students who are receiving academic credit for the internship. The amount of credit that is awarded varies between schools and departments. It is the responsibility of the intern to identify the college and departmental requirements of receiving credit and to select and make arrangements with a faculty sponsor, if appropriate. The Investigations Supervisor will submit any documentation needed to facilitate credit arrangements between interns and their home schools.

Clinic interns are not enrolled at Georgetown University and do not receive academic credit from the Law Center. Any credit awarded must be granted by the school in which a student is enrolled.

M. Health and Safety Guidelines

The Investigative Internship Program requires interns to spend a great deal of time conducting field work, and it is important that all interns be aware of the potential risks. It is also important that interns understand the expectations of the Criminal Justice Clinic and abide by all safety guidelines and procedures. It is important to note that while the Clinic cannot guarantee safety, there have been more than 400 participants in the program since its inception in 1989 and none have suffered serious injury or property loss. Participants have sometimes reported minor incidents, but the program is fortunate in its safety record.

The work of an investigative intern involves direct contact with witnesses and defendants in the field. Participants will be conducting interviews of witnesses in their homes and in the streets, and interns may be going door to door looking for potential witnesses.

Given the possible risks, the Clinic provides instruction in safety and conflict resolution during the initial training week. Interns are taught strategies for avoiding or minimizing risks and are provided guidelines for resolving difficult situations, should they arise. The Clinic cannot, however, control the actions of others. Interns are trained on Clinic requirements relating to conduct and the consequences of noncompliance. Applicants are urged to consider all potential risks before making the decision to apply.

Fall 2021 Investigative Interns

Fall 2021 Investigative Interns

Investigative Internship Application Process

A. Who Should Apply?

For anyone contemplating a career in law or criminal justice, this internship is an excellent opportunity for hands-on learning and experience in the field. Interns have an opportunity to learn about the law by being involved in all aspects of its practice. Also, interns are surrounded by law students and professors who are willing to speak candidly about life as a law student and lawyer. All Clinic members are committed to ensuring that investigative interns receive an educational and rewarding experience. As a result, interns leave with a fuller understanding of the legal system and specifically of the criminal justice process. They also are able to make informed decisions about whether or not this work is appropriate for them, and have a source for recommendations and job advice when they leave.

This internship, however, is not right for everyone. First, the Criminal Justice Clinic is a litigation clinic with all of the tight deadlines and long hours involved in trial work. Interns will certainly have time for interests outside the office, but those who mind working odd and sometimes long hours will not enjoy the pace of this work. Second, some people find criminal law too emotional and criminal defense law incompatible with their beliefs. The Clinic represents persons charged with criminal offenses, and some are uncomfortable with the defense role in the adversary process. Third, this internship centers around investigative field work. Interns need to travel throughout the city to accomplish their investigations. Those areas will often include places that are reputed to be tough. If a potential applicant is extremely uncomfortable with the notion of working in urban communities, this may not be the right internship. This does not mean, however, that interns do not often have some trepidation about working in unfamiliar communities – some apprehension is common.

So why should you apply? The best interns usually want to learn about the law by actually working in it. By the end of this internship, every intern should have an opinion about our adversarial system of justice that is well-grounded in fact and experience. This position is also a chance to perform some needed public service. The indigent clients who come through the Clinic have no funds to pay for investigators, yet cases are often won or lost on the basis of investigation. If you believe that the quality of legal representation should not be determined by the income of the accused, you have a place in this Clinic.

Our interns play a vital role in the defense team and are treated as professionals with real substantive responsibility. At the Clinic, interns are exposed to a wide range of criminal cases and make a significant contribution to improving the way that justice is administered. This is also a small program, so the investigations supervisor, attorneys and professors are able to devote individualized attention to investigative interns. As a teaching clinic, importance is placed upon developing an understanding of clients’ experiences, the relationship between the defense role and the justice system, and the ways that current trends in law affect the criminal justice system.

In conclusion, if you are interested in a challenging and substantive experience in the field of criminal law, we invite you to apply. The experience that you will receive, the skills you will develop, and the professional growth that you will gain guarantees that this will be a full and rewarding experience.

B. Program Dates: 2022

Starting Date
Ending Date (minimum)
Spring 2022
January 10, 2022 May 13, 2022
Summer 2022
May 31, 2022 August 12, 2022
Fall 2022
August 29, 2022 December 9, 2022

* Training weeks that begin with a Monday holiday do not commence until Tuesday as indicated. On those weeks, training concludes the following Monday.

C. Online Application Form

Complete and submit the online Investigative Internship Program application.

D. Application Deadlines and Notification Dates

The application deadline for each term is noted below. It is important to note, however, that decisions are made on a rolling basis. This means that some of the spots are often filled before the deadline date, so it is advisable to apply early. Occasionally, positions may still be available after application deadline and you should contact the Investigations Supervisor to inquire about availability. Applicants will receive a decision on their application no later than the notification date listed in the chart below.

In the event that an application deadline falls on a non-business day, applications will be accepted until 5:00 p.m. of the first business day following the deadline date. If the deadline falls on a business day, applications are due by 5:00 p.m. that day. If positions are filled or a candidate does not learn of the internship until after the deadline has passed, referrals are sometimes available to similar programs. Contact the Investigations Supervisor for more information.

Application Deadline
Notification Deadline
Spring 2022
November 12, 2021 December 3, 2021
Summer 2022
Our summer program is currently full and we are not accepting any additional applications at this time. Our summer program is currently full and we are not accepting any additional applications at this time.
Fall 2022
July 8, 2022 July 29, 2022

E. Selection Process

1. Minimum Qualifications:

The internship is open to students at accredited four-year colleges, college graduates, or graduate students. With respect to undergraduate students, juniors and seniors are preferred, but freshmen and sophomores are sometimes accepted. Participants from a variety of academic majors are generally accepted, and all majors are eligible. Previous exposure to or experience in the fields of law, criminal justice, or public service is helpful but is not required.

Applicants should be able to demonstrate that they can devote a sufficient amount of time to this internship. (See time requirements for explanation.) The Clinic needs interns who can make their investigative responsibilities a significant priority. Interns must also be able to demonstrate strong communication skills in the application process. The ability to easily communicate with persons of differing backgrounds, values and cultures, and to document work in written form that is appropriate for use in court, is crucial to investigative work.

Other Supplemental Application Materials:
Some applicants choose to submit additional materials with their applications. Applicants are welcome to submit additional materials. Some examples include:

  • publications, such as articles written for a paper
  • writing samples (other than essays)
  • projects/proposals developed for a previous job
  • descriptions/copies of awards that have been won

Regardless of the additional materials submitted, all normal requirements of the application still apply. For instance, a separate writing sample cannot be substituted for responses to the essays.

2. Process of Selecting Interns
Each applicant will be evaluated based upon the quality of the application, the strength of input from references, and the overall quality of past work and academic performance. Applicants who feel that they are lacking in a specific area should not be discouraged from applying – the strength of applicants is assessed by looking at qualifications collectively. No prerequisite course work or prior related experience is necessary, but some understanding of the criminal justice system is helpful.

The Investigations Supervisor will only conduct video interviews with applicants who have been selected to move forward in the process, so a video interview is not guaranteed and applicants should submit everything they wish to be considered either with the application or in a supplemental email. Letters of recommendation and IIP recommendation forms are not required but are sometimes helpful. If an applicant wishes to submit such letters, they may be included in the application packet or emailed separately. For full consideration, any additional materials should be submitted by the application deadline.


After two semesters as an intern at Georgetown Law’s Criminal Justice Clinic, I cannot speak more highly of the Investigative Internship Program. This is an experiential learning opportunity like no other. I applied to this program because I wanted to better understand indigent defense work. I wanted to challenge my preconceptions and to see the criminal justice system from a perspective that I was realizing I could not grasp without experience. I stayed on after a semester because I knew there was much more to learn but also because I had ended up learning a lot about myself. This is an excellent opportunity for those interested in criminal defense work and criminal law, and it is also an unparalleled opportunity for expanding critical skills like researching, interviewing, and analyzing, etc. Interns are given many opportunities to learn but are simultaneously entrusted with significant and meaningful responsibilities. I relied on the excellent training we receive, and I had unwavering support from my peers and supervisors. In an internship where my work was dynamic and no day was the same, that has been the most consistent thread throughout my time at Georgetown: the people. Whether it was the investigations director, my attorney supervisors, our clients, or my fellow interns, the people at Georgetown make this program an amazing experience. This program is excellent for those interested in law, investigations, or related work, but I think its greatest and most unique gift is that it allows you to learn about these fields through a truly human experience. – Adarsh, Spring 2022

I would recommend this internship to other students because it provides a unique opportunity to get hands-on experience in criminal defense investigation and all that goes into public defense work. The internship is really rewarding, and nothing can compare to the feeling of joy you get when you see someone get a second chance at life after being in prison for such a long time. I would strongly encourage anyone with a passion for helping others to look into applying. – Nehemiah, Spring 2021

I have always had a passion for service, which is what led me to public interest law and this internship. My time in the Criminal Defense and Prisoner Advocacy Clinic has drastically changed my outlook on public defense. I felt a deep connection with our clients and the hands-on experience that this internship provided. I now know that I want to continue doing this work, especially in the places where strong public defense is so desperately needed. The sense of community and support that I felt at Georgetown, even while operating remotely, was unmatched. This experience is one that will shape my legal career going forward, and I am incredibly grateful that I got the opportunity to be a part of the program. – Prishnee, Fall 2020

Being part of this internship has been an incredibly valuable experience for me. The attorneys and supervisors are so knowledgeable and were always happy to help us navigate the tasks we were assigned. I will always cherish the experience of working with clients and their families to try bring a little more justice back into our justice system. Through each case and each new task, I felt like I was adding to my skill set and my knowledge of the system. I would highly recommend this program not only to those interested in law school, but for anyone who wants to pursue a career in the legal system. – Zahra, Summer 2020

Honestly, this internship at first was a little bit intimidating. I was never the most outgoing person, so the idea of conducting field work and interviewing strangers every day definitely made me nervous. But, with the training and constant support that we were given, this internship was truly a great experience. I could not have chosen a better place to spend my spring semester, or better people to work for. I was genuinely happy to go into work each day and enjoyed my time meeting with clients and just about everything else this internship entailed. The work that is being done is truly amazing, and after interning here I know for a fact that this is the work I want to spend my life doing. – Diego, Spring 2020

Interning in Georgetown Law’s Criminal Justice Clinic has been the most hands-on and formative internship that I have had in college. The supervisors take the time to get to know you and make sure that you are comfortable and challenged with your work. More so than any other place I have worked, they care about your experience and are always thankful for everything that you do. The training and trust that is instilled in you during your time at Georgetown is something that I have found to be invaluable for myself and for anyone who wants to go to law school or is interested in this type of work. It can be a job that pushes you out of your comfort zone, but it is so worth it! – Haley, Spring 2020

Interning at Georgetown was a pivotal moment in my decision to pursue a career in public defense. The staff are passionate and inspiring, and working with attorneys to craft, investigate, and litigate real cases provided unparalleled insight into the criminal justice system. I cannot recommend this internship enough, especially for students interested in public interest law. – Graham, Summer 2019

My time in the Criminal Justice Clinic was incredibly beneficial. I have always been interested in being a criminal defense attorney, but my time at the Clinic really solidified that for me. The internship will expose you to all types of criminal cases, the legal system and the inequalities that perpetuate the lives of many of the clients. The internship gives students an opportunity to develop practical skills that are helpful later on, especially if you plan to practice law. Working with a fellow that has recently graduated law school is helpful, as they have lots of advice about how to start a legal career and how to interact with clients, judges and other attorneys in the criminal defense community. The internship is focused mainly on the investigation aspect of criminal cases, however, there are opportunities to work on legal writing and assist the attorneys in court. As a whole, my experience was incredibly rewarding and a great opportunity that I would highly recommend to anyone in undergraduate or law school. – Melissa, Summer 2019, J.D. Candidate, University of Illinois at Chicago

I had an amazing experience in this internship program. I learned a lot about not only the justice system but myself. My supervisors constantly pushed me out of my comfort zone and were there to offer support and guidance as we completed investigative tasks. Overall, I’d recommend this program to anyone who is interested in a career in the legal field. I loved every minute of it, plus I got to spend a ton of time in the field and explore all of D.C. – something I would’ve never been able to do in another internship! – Guadalupe, Spring 2019