Brief Bio

Miriam Gur Ayre is a professor at the law Faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Her fields of interest include: Criminal Law: Justifications of Punishment, Theoretical Foundation of Criminal Liability, Criminal Law Defenses, Constitutional Restraints on Criminal Liability, Human Dignity and the Criminal law, The Overuse of the Criminal Law in Time of Crisis.

Education and Academic Appointments

LL.B. Faculty of Law, Hebrew University (first in class) 1975

D. Jur. Faculty of Law, Hebrew University (summa cum laude) 1981

Full Professor 2003

Service at Other Academic Institutions

Visiting Fellow, University College, Oxford, England 1984-1985

Visiting Scholar, University of California Berkeley, USA 2001-2003

Grants and Prizes

The Israeli Academy of Sciences and Humanities 1989-1992

Rabin center for Israeli Research 2001-2003

GIF –German Israeli Foundation 2006-2009

Sussman’s Prize for best legal publication of the year 1985

The Israeli bar’s prize for special academic achievements 2005

Representative Publications


Actio Libera in Causa in Criminal Law, (Harry Sacher Institute, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 1984) 103 pp. (in English)

Recent Publications

Conflict of Laws at the Criminal Law: Duress under International Criminal Law as a Test-Case, Essays on Law in Honour of Levontin, 477-498 (2013) (in Hebrew)

“Human Dignity of Offenders: a Limitation on Substantive Criminal Law” Journal of Criminal Law and Philosophy (2012)

Constitutional Control of Criminal Prohibitions Affecting Human Dignity or Liberty: German and Israeli Perspectives” (together with Thomas Weigend) 44 Isr. L. Rev. 2011, 63-90, (2011)

“The Protection of Human Dignity in Interrogations – Reflections in Light of Recent German and Israeli Experiences” (together with Florian Jessberger), 44 Isr. L. Rev. 229-262 (2011)

“Justifying the Distinction between Justifications and Excuses” 5 Journal of Criminal Law and Philosophy, 293-313 (2011)

Courses taught at CTLS

  • Criminal Law Defenses: Theory, Comparative Perspectives and International Criminal Law (Spring 2019, Fall 2017, Fall 2015)
  • Selected Topics in Criminal Law: Comparative Perspectives (Fall 2018, Fall 2017, Fall 2015)